Several dietary guidelines for specific Mediterranean populations have been also developed, associated with a pyramidal representation, such as for the Spanish 33Greek 34and Italian populations 35 A recent study has shown that a better adherence of the Spanish population toward the Mediterranean diet pattern would have reduced greenhouse gas emissions, land use, and energy consumption and to a lower extent water consumption Despite its increasing popularity worldwide, adherence to the Mediterranean diet model is decreasing for multifactorial influences — life styles changes, food globalization, economic, and socio-cultural factors.
Public Health Nutr 14 12A: In line with the definition, four main thematic areas were identified: Since then, various dietary scores of adherence to the Mediterranean diet have been published and extensively reviewed in Ref.
Therefore, changes toward optimizing both food consumption and food production are foreseen to ensure more SFSs and contribute to achieve food and nutrition security in the Mediterranean region In the last decade, the Mediterranean diet has become the object of increasing studies on its environmental sustainability, because of its mainly plant-based dietary pattern and its lower greenhouse gas emissions and lower water footprints, when compared to current Western dietary patterns 44 — Despite its increasing popularity worldwide, adherence to the Mediterranean diet model is decreasing for multifactorial influences — life styles changes, food globalization, economic, and socio-cultural factors.
Mediterranean diet, sustainable diets, sustainable food systems, food consumption, food cultures, intangible cultural heritage Introduction Mediterranean dietary patterns have developed over the past or more years spreading from the Fertile Crescent 1 and influenced by the conquests of many different civilizations, the consolidated dietary rules of the three main monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islamand continuous interactions, additions, and exchanges inside and outside the region.
More cross-disciplinary studies on environmental, economic and socio-cultural, and sustainability dimensions of the Mediterranean diet are foreseen as a critical need. In conclusion, as many scientific evidence confirms, the Mediterranean Diet is sustainable at degrees, it perfectly satisfies all the nutritional needs, for which other extremist diets may be deficient vegan diet or excess high-protein dietbut also safeguards the environment, its biodiversity, as well as the respect for cultural heritage and traditions.
Food consumption is variably affected by a wide range of factors including food availability, food accessibility, and food choices, which in turn may be influenced by geography, demography, disposable income, socio-economic status, urbanization, globalization, religion, culture, marketing, and consumer attitude 73 Since then, the Mediterranean diet has been widely studied and reported to be a model of healthy eating associated with significant nutritional and health benefits 7 — Thus, high-protein foods meat, fish, eggs, legumes, cold meats have the same levels of carbon footprint of that produced by vegetable foods fruits, vegetables.
The Mediterranean diet has been well-characterized scientifically following the pioneering Seven Countries Study conducted by Ancel Keys in the 60s 6.
Post Views: These changes pose serious threats to the preservation and transmission of the Mediterranean diet heritage to present and future generations. Therefore, FAO and CIHEAM-Bari started a joint collaboration on the Mediterranean diet as a case study on which to develop and validate methods and indicators for the assessment of the sustainability of diets and food consumption patterns in the Mediterranean area.
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It promotes social interaction, since communal meals are the cornerstone of social customs and festive events. · To present the Mediterranean diet as an example of a sustainable diet, in which nutrition, biodiversity, local food production, culture and sustainability are strongly interconnected.
Design Review of notions and activities contributing towards the acknowledgement of the Mediterranean diet as a sustainable kennelsalasana.com by: The Mediterranean diet originated also a considerable set of knowledge, chants, refrains, tales and legends.
Therefore there is an attitude of respect for the land and the biodiversity and guarantees of the preservation and development of traditional and artisanal activities linked to agriculture and fishing in many communities in the Mediterranean ().
· The notion of the Mediterranean diet has undergone a progressive evolution over the past 60 years, from a healthy dietary pattern to a sustainable dietary pattern, in which nutrition, food, cultures, people, environment, and sustainability all interact into a new model of a sustainable kennelsalasana.com by: The Mediterranean diet constitutes a set of skills, knowledge, practices and traditions ranging from the landscape to the table, including the crops, harvesting, fishing, conservation, processing, preparation and, particularly, consumption of food.
Biodiversity and sustainable diets United against Hunger Mediterranean diet as an example of a sustainable diet The Mediterranean diet is considered as a paragon, absolute model, among the world's diets It is difficult to know which specific dietary pattern we speak about, because of the wide diversity of food rations in the Mediterranean area: cereals, pulses predominate in the South, cereals, pulses.
In conclusion, as many scientific evidence confirms, the Mediterranean Diet is sustainable at degrees, it perfectly satisfies all the nutritional needs, for which other extremist diets may be deficient (vegan diet) or excess (high-protein diet), but also safeguards the environment, its biodiversity, as well as the respect for cultural heritage and traditions.